In the absence of significant changes in the positions of political parties, as expected, the government was defeated by 432 votes to 202 in the 15 January vote. The 230-vote lead was the worst for a government in the modern history of Parliament. [76] 196 Conservative MPs, 3 Labour MPs and 3 independent MPs supported the agreement. The deal was voted against 118 Conservative MPs, 248 Labour MPs, 35 SNP MPs, 11 Liberal Democrats, 10 DUP MPs, 4 Plaid Cymru MPs, the only Green MP and five independent MPs. [77] The third vote on the withdrawal agreement was able to take place on 29 March 2019. [104] May has promised to resign as Prime Minister if the withdrawal agreement is adopted. [105] In the end, May`s agreement was again rejected, but with a lead lower than the previous two votes. [106] In the weeks that followed, May tried to secure legal changes in the so-called Irish backstop of the agreement. She was finally assured that the UK could suspend the backstop in certain circumstances.

But on 12 March, Parliament voted against the revised Brexit deal by 391 votes to 242. EU heads of state or government have warned that the vote will lead to a Brexit without a conclusion. Two days later, MPs voted to delay Brexit. On 23 June, almost 52% of British voters decided to leave the EU following a strong referendum campaign. Before the vote, the polls had shown a tight race with a slight lead for supporters of remaining in the EU. Conservative British Prime Minister David Cameron, who argued for Britain`s continued existence, acknowledged the „will of the British people“ and resigned the next morning. „request to withdraw from the European Union,“ a request made on behalf of a Minister of the Crown pursuant to Section 13, paragraph 1, paragraph b), of the European Union Withdrawal Act (Withdrawal Act 2018); and „assigned day,“ a day when the first government activity is the request to withdraw from the European Union. After an unprecedented vote on 4 December 2018, MEPs ruled that the UK government was not respecting Parliament because it refused to give Parliament full legal advice on the consequences of its proposed withdrawal terms. [29] The focus of the consultation was on the legal effect of the „backstop“ agreement for Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland and the rest of the United Kingdom with regard to the CUSTOMS border between the EU and the United Kingdom and its impact on the Good Friday agreement that led to the end of the unrest in Northern Ireland, including whether , according to the proposals, the UK would be certain that it would be able to leave the EU in a practical sense. The proposed programme was approved by 353 votes to 243. The law, which would implement the Prime Minister`s Brexit deal with the EU in October, was introduced in the Queen`s Speech on Thursday, which set out the government`s priorities for next year. The agreement covers issues such as money, citizens` rights, border agreements and dispute resolution.

It also includes a transition period and an overview of the future relationship between the UK and the EU. It was published on 14 November 2018 and was the result of the Brexit negotiations. The agreement was approved by the heads of state and government of the other 27 EU countries[9] and by the British government led by Prime Minister Theresa May, but it faced opposition from the British Parliament, which needed approval for ratification. The approval of the European Parliament would also have been necessary. On January 15, 2019, the House of Commons rejected the withdrawal agreement by 432 votes to 202. [10] The House of Commons again rejected the agreement by 391 votes to 242 on 12 March 2019 and rejected it a third time, on 29 March 2019, by 344 votes to 286. On 22 October 2019, the revised withdrawal agreement negotiated by Boris Johnson`s government approved the first phase in Parliament, but Johnson halted the legislative process when the accelerated approval programme did not receive the necessary support and announced his intention to declare elections