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Singh's administration initiated a massive reconstruction effort in Kashmir to stabilise the region but after some period of success, insurgent infiltration and terrorism in Kashmir has increased since 2009. [46][47][48], Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act was enacted on 4 August 2009, which describes the modalities of the importance of free and compulsory education for children between 6 and 14 in India under Article 21A of the Indian Constitution. As of 2010, the People's Republic of China is the second biggest trade partner of India. The government of India, under Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s leadership introduced the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) in 2005, which is a social security scheme that aims at providing livelihood, sustenance and employment to rural communities and labourers in India. [97], He has been largely viewed as accepting the role as "seat warmer" for Rahul Gandhi; this was felt to have undercut the institution of the prime minister. After more than two years for more negotiations, followed by approval from the IAEA, Nuclear Suppliers Group and the US Congress, India and the US signed the agreement on 10 October 2008 with Pranab Mukherjee representing India. In November 2006, Chinese President Hu Jintao visited India which was followed by Singh's visit to Beijing in January 2008. [20] India's foreign reserves barely amounted to US$1 billion, enough to pay for 2 weeks of imports,[21] in comparison to US$283 billion today.[22]. Around the same time, India’s fiscal deficit was at an upwards of 8.5%; with large deficits in balance of payments and the current account deficits clocking at 3.5% of the GDP. Check this page to read his biography- age, family & much more! The Prime Ministership of Manmohan Singh was a mixed legacy of achievements and failures. The first Sikh in office, Singh was also the first prime minister since Jawaharlal Nehru to be re-elected after completing a full five-year term. Manmohan Singh took oath as Prime Minister on 22nd May 2004. Prime Minister Rao refused Singh's resignation, instead promising to punish the individuals directly accused in the report. [38] In 2006, his Government implemented the proposal to reserve 27% of seats in All India Institute of Medical Studies (AIIMS), Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), the Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs) and other central institutions of higher education for Other Backward Classes which led to 2006 Indian anti-reservation protests. ●        Manmohan Singh’s greatest achievement is the fact that it was he who bought India out of the great economic crisis that hit the nation in the year 1991 ●        All of us are aware of the fact that Manmohan Singh was a professor of Economics in … Despite the fact that Singh had never won a Lok Sabha seat, according to the BBC, he "enjoyed massive popular support, not least because he was seen by many as a clean politician untouched by the taint of corruption that has run through many Indian administrations. [55] During Afghan President Hamid Karzai's visit to New Delhi in August 2008, Manmohan Singh increased the aid package to Afghanistan for the development of more schools, health clinics, infrastructure, and defence. He visited the United States in July 2005 initiating negotiations over the Indo-US civilian nuclear agreement. [12] Later, he was appointed as an advisor to the Ministry of Foreign Trade by Lalit Narayan Mishra, in recognition of Singh's talent as an economist. Singh. In the 2004 General Elections, the Congress-led UPA government ousted the NDA government after becoming the party with the single largest number of seats in the Lok Sabha. What is the major achievement of Manmohan Singh as the Prime Minister of India? He worked in Geneva, from 1987 to 1991, as the Secretary General of the South Commission; and independent economic policy think tank. Advani declared "He is weak. [99] Upinder Singh is a professor of history at Ashoka University. [92] Opposition demanded his resignation for his alleged inaction and indecisiveness in 2G spectrum case[93] and Indian coal allocation scam. The Act is viewed as revolutionary as it puts government organisations up for scrutiny. [106] The University of Oxford awarded him an honorary Doctor of Civil Law degree in July 2005,[107] and in October 2006, the University of Cambridge followed with the same honour. Manmohan Singh estimated Net Worth, Biography, Age, Height, Dating, Relationship Records, Salary, Income, Cars, Lifestyles & many more details have been updated below.In 2009, he became the first Indian Prime Minister since Jawaharlal Nehru to be elected to a second five-year term. He furthered emphasised on the need for providing ‘joyful and quality learning, especially to the first generation of school go-ers’. In praise of Singh's work that pushed India towards a market economy, long-time Cabinet minister P. Chidambaram has compared Singh's role in India's reforms to Deng Xiaoping's in China. Manmohan Singh biography. Manmohan Singh has finished his degree and postgraduate studies at the University of Punjab. Education of Manmohan Singh ; Achievements; Profile of Dr Manmohan Singh. He served as the acting prime minister till 25 May 2014, when Narendra Modi was sworn in as the new prime minister. Praising the government, Prasad said UPA projects [were] doing well and asked, "What will America say as their own economy is shattered?". During the 1970s and 1980s, Singh held several key posts in the Government of India, such as Chief Economic Advisor (1972–1976), governor of the Reserve Bank (1982–1985) and head of the Planning Commission (1985–1987). He studied at the University of Cambridge being a member of St. John’s College, and completed his Economics Tripos in 1957. Joe Biden, 46th president of the United States (2021– ) and 47th vice president of the United States (2009–17) in the Democratic administration of President Barack Obama. The exclusion from the list acknowledged the absence of any new instance of illness caused by the polio virus for more than a year; the last case being a child from Howrah in January 2011. [105] In 1997, the University of Alberta awarded him an honorary Doctor of Law degree. The scheme was inaugurated by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on 3rd December 2005. New Delhi hosted an India–Africa Summit in April 2006 which was attended by the leaders of 15 African states. Although India's economy grew rapidly under UPA I, its security was threatened by several terrorist incidents (including the 2008 Mumbai attacks) and the continuing Maoist insurgency. Henry Kissinger described Singh as "a statesman with vision, persistence and integrity", and praised him for his "leadership, which has been instrumental in the economic transformation underway in India. He returned to India in 1990 and became the then Prime Minister, V.P. The US House of Representatives passed the bill for approval on 28th September 2008. He won the World Statement Award, 2010, Lokmanya Tilak Award, 1997 and Jawaharlal Nehru Birth Centenary Award in 1994 to 1995 among others. 1997 - Nikkei Asia prize for Regional Growth. Narasimha Rao and continued by Bharatiya Janata Party's Atal Bihari Vajpayee. Manmohan Singh is an economist and politician, who served as India’s Prime Minister from 2004 to 2014. On 1st October 2008, the US Senate approved the civilian nuclear agreement allowing India to purchase nuclear fuel and technology from, and sell them to the United States. He was made the chairman of the University Grants Commission in March, 1991. UPA ally Lalu Prasad Yadav took issue with the magazine's statements. [50][51][52], Manmohan Singh continued the pragmatic foreign policy that was started by P.V. So that's how I started in politics". India, in 2007, under the Prime Ministership of Manmohan Singh, achieved its highest Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth rate of 9% and became the second fastest growing economy in … Highlights of the record of the UPA government, titled "10 years of progress and growth", cited by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, in his address to the media on Friday and which was released by the Prime Minister's Office ahead of the press conference: * Education - India has achieved "near universal education" at the primary school level due to Right to Education and the … The Right to Information Act of 2005, or … In effect, IMF-dictated policy meant that the ubiquitous Licence Raj had to be dismantled, and India's attempt at a state-controlled economy had to end. On 22 May 2009, Manmohan Singh was sworn in as the Prime Minister during a ceremony held at Rashtrapati Bhavan. [94] Senior MP of the Communist Party of India Gurudas Dasgupta accused Manmohan Singh of "Dereliction of duty", alleging that he (the PM) was fully aware of irregularities in dispensing of 2G telecom licences. The country’s foreign reserves were barely enough to account for two weeks of imports. Manmohan Singh (Punjabi: [mənˈmoːɦən ˈsɪ́ŋɡ] (listen); born 26 September 1932) is an Indian economist, academic, and politician who served as the 13th Prime Minister of India from 2004 to 2014. [12] In 1980–1982 he was at the Planning Commission, and in 1982, he was appointed governor of the Reserve Bank of India under then finance minister Pranab Mukherjee and held the post until 1985. While the effectiveness of the NREGA has been successful at various degrees, in various regions, the RTI act has proved crucial in India's fight against corruption. However, the scams relating to 2G, the Common Wealth Games and coal block allocations; tainted the legacy of his government. [113] In 2017 awarded Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament and Development. On 26 September 1932, in Gah, Punjab, Dr Manmohan Singh was born to Gurmukh Singh and Amrit Kaur. Manmohan Singh studied at the Hindu college. Subsequently, Singh served as Leader of the Opposition in the Rajya Sabha (the upper house of the Parliament of India) during the Atal Bihari Vajpayee government of 1998–2004. [57] Singh had the first official state visit to the White House during the administration of US President Barack Obama. Between the years of 1969 and 1971, Manmohan worked as Professor of International Trade at the Delhi School of Economics, University of Delhi. A major development in Sino-Indian relations was the reopening of the Nathula Pass in 2006 after being closed for more than four decades. [58], Relations have improved with Japan and European Union countries, like the United Kingdom, France, and Germany. In 1991, as India faced a severe economic crisis, newly elected Prime Minister P. V. Narasimha Rao surprisingly inducted the apolitical Singh into his cabinet as Finance Minister. India was deleted from the list of polio-endemic countries by the World Health Organisation (WHO), in 2012. Evidently, India was facing an economic crisis. "[29] He took the oath as the Prime Minister of India on 22 May 2004.[30][31]. Manmohan Singh achieved the distinction of serving two tenures as Prime Minister, completing 10 years in office; the longest term after the first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. Name- Manmohan Singh; Known for- Reformist Economic policies as Finance Minister in 1991. The aims of JNNURM were to create ‘economically productive, efficient, equitable and responsive cities’ by a strategy  of upgrading the social and economic infrastructure of in cities, thereby also providing Basic Service to Urban Poor (BSUP). The Delhi Government for the impetus for developing nuclear weapons, under Indira Gandhi, after the Indo-Sino War of 1962 where India lost some of its territory to China. [45] The Act came into force from 1 January 2014. [59] Relations have improved with other developing countries, particularly Brazil and South Africa. On 2 July 2009, Singh ministry introduced The Right to Education Act (RTE) act. [49] India became one of 135 countries to make education a fundamental right of every child when the act came into force on 1 April 2010. [76], The Independent described Singh as "one of the world's most revered leaders" and "a man of uncommon decency and grace," noting that he drives a Maruti 800, one of the humblest cars in the Indian market. [8] He lost his mother when he was very young and was raised by his paternal grandmother, to whom he was very close. Manmohan Singh has 44 books on Goodreads with 379 ratings. [12] He went on to become the deputy chairman of the Planning Commission (India) from 1985 to 1987. It came into effect on 12th October 2005, and has been implemented since to provide information to all the citizens of India. [98], Singh married Gursharan Kaur in 1958. Being a renowned economist, his government delivered a healthy 8.5% GDP growth rate for most of his tenure. The Right to Information Act of 2005, or RTI Act, is an act that aims to promote transparency in government institutions in India. Efforts have been made during Singh's tenure to end the border dispute with People's Republic of China. Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), The Right to Information Act of 2005, or RTI Act, National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA), Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA), Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission, or JNNURM, Indo-US Nuclear Deal or the India Civil Nuclear Agreement, International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MSPI), List of biggest achievements of Akhilesh Yadav as Uttar Pradesh’s Chief Minister. I didn't take it seriously. [16] Then he went to work for the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) from 1966–1969. [56], Singh's government worked towards stronger ties with the United States. In March 1983, Panjab University awarded him Doctor of Letters and in 2009 created a Dr. Manmohan Singh chair in their economics department. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. After his term ended in 2014 he opted out from the race for the office of the Prime Minister of India during the 2014 Indian general election. The framework for this agreement between India and the US was made in a joint statement by Manmohan Singh and the then President of United States of America, George W. Bush. The results of the election were announced on 16 May 2009. RTI Act was made through legislation of the Parliament on 15th June 2005. Joan Robinson was a great admirer of what was going on in China, but Kaldor used the Keynesian analysis to demonstrate that capitalism could be made to work. Mr MMS was the PM for almost a decade. [53] Singh paid an official visit to China from 22–24 October 2013. The Act came into force with the Special Economic Zones (SEZ) Rules 2006 on 10th February 2006. [41] However, the Singh administration was successful in reducing terrorism in Northeast India. Filmography & biography of Manmohan Singh . He has also received honorary doctorates from University of Bologna, University of Jammu and Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee. Congress spokesperson, Manish Tiwari rebutted the charges. He is the country’s first Sikh Prime Minister, and the only one since Jawaharlal Nehru to be elected for a consecutive term after serving a full term of five years. (Economics) in 1954. [5] In August 2019, Singh filed his nomination as a Congress candidate to the Rajya Sabha from Rajasthan after the death of sitting MP Madan Lal Saini.[6][7]. 1994 - Jawaharlal Nehru Birth Centenary Award (1994–95) 1994 - Elected Distinguished … [15], After completing his D.Phil., Singh returned to India. [21] So Chidambaram and Manmohan explained to the party that the economy would collapse if it was not deregulated. Perhaps, one of the biggest achievements of India under the government of Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, was the signing of the Indo-US Nuclear Deal or the India Civil Nuclear Agreement. The visit took place in November 2009, and several discussions took place, including on trade and nuclear power. This was the highest recorded GDP in India, since liberalisation of the economy in 1991. He was often at the receiving end of party snipers who found his economic reforms agenda and lack of mass base a liability. [86] It stated that Singh appears "unwilling to stick his neck out" on reforms that will put the country back on growth path. "[77], In 2010, Newsweek magazine recognised him as a world leader who is respected by other heads of state, describing him as "the leader other leaders love." [8] Following his tenure at the Planning Commission, he was secretary general of the South Commission, an independent economic policy think tank headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland from 1987 to November 1990. (Honors Economics) in 1952. Exchange of high-level visits by top leaders from both countries have highlighted his tenure. Manmohan Singh Biography, Relationship & Career. [24], In 1993, Singh offered his resignation from the post of Finance Minister after a parliamentary investigation report criticised his ministry for not being able to anticipate a US$1.8 billion securities scandal. Joan Robinson was a brilliant teacher, but she also sought to awaken the inner conscience of her students in a manner that very few others were able to achieve. NREGA was passed as an Indian Labour Law being implemented in 200 districts across India on 2nd February 2006. [91], Singh's public image had been tarnished with his coalition government having been accused of various corruption scandals since the start of its second term in 2009. In 1999, he contested for the Lok Sabha from South Delhi but was unable to win the seat. [62] Though there have been a few diplomatic glitches between India and Russia, especially over the delay and price hike of several Russian weapons to be delivered to India,[63] relations between the two remain strong with India and Russia signing various agreements to increase defence, nuclear energy and space co-operation. The scheme was initially launched in 2005 for a seven-year period to initiate steps for bringing phased improvements in civic service level. The United States-India Peaceful Atomic Energy Cooperation Act of 2006, or Hyde Act, is a US domestic law that modifies the requirements of Section 123 of the US Atomic Energy Act to permit nuclear cooperation with India, and in particular to negotiate a 123 Agreement to operationalise the 2005 Joint Statement. Little was titled "India's export performance, 1951–1960, export prospects and policy implications", and was later the basis for his book "India's Export Trends and Prospects for Self-Sustained Growth". After obtaining his doctorate in economics from Oxford, Singh worked for the United Nations during 1966–1969. [21] To the dismay of the party, Rao allowed Manmohan to deregulate the Indian economy. Terming him as the best example of integrity, Khushwant Singh stated, "When people talk of integrity, I say the best example is the man who occupies the country's highest office. A ], manmohan singh achievements completing his D.Phil., Singh continued the peace process with initiated. 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