When a company exports a product at a price below the price it normally charges in its own domestic market, the goods are allegedly dumped. Is it unfair competition? Opinions differ, but many governments are fighting dumping to defend their domestic industry. The WTO agreement is not being judged. It focuses on how governments can or may not respond to dumping by applying anti-dumping measures, and is often referred to as an anti-dumping agreement. (The focus is solely on the response to dumping, contrary to the agreement`s approach on subsidies and countervailing measures. The committee, which meets at least twice a year, offers WTO members the opportunity to discuss all issues related to the anti-dumping agreement (Article 16). The committee reviewed national legislation notified to the WTO. This raises issues relating to the enforcement of national anti-dumping laws and regulations as well as issues of consistency of national practices with the anti-dumping agreement. The committee also reviews MPs` communications on anti-dumping measures and provides an opportunity to discuss issues raised in specific cases. The committee has created its own body, the ad hoc implementation group, open to all WTO members, which will focus on technical implementation issues, i.e. how to ask questions that often arise in the management of anti-dumping legislation. 6.10 As a general rule, the authorities determine an individual dumping margin for each known exporter or producer of the product under investigation.

In cases where the number of exporters, producers, importers or types of products involved is such that it is not feasible, the authorities may limit their verification to an appropriate number of interested parties or products using samples that are statistically valid on the basis of the information the authorities need at the time of selection. , or the largest percentage of the volume of exports from the country concerned, which can reasonably be assessed. Industries or businesses may require their government to take protections. The WTO agreement sets out the requirements for protection investigations conducted by national authorities. The emphasis is on transparency and compliance with established rules and practices to avoid arbitrary methods. The investigating authorities must publicly announce the hearing date and make other appropriate evidence available to interested parties. The evidence must contain arguments as to whether a measure is in the public interest. There are many ways to calculate whether a particular product is eliminated strongly or easily.